Pre-Columbian Cultures Regions and Chronology

The diversity of topographies, from productive valleys to the Andean mountains, from the mangroves and swamps in the Pacific coast to the sea warm water and the perpetual snow in the Caribbean coast in the North, and the different social organization of the groups of people living in these different habitats marked their gold work style: from geometric and expressive figures to anthropomorphic and zoomorphic combination. 

Pre-Columbian Regions and Chronology 

The following chart shows the chronology and regions inhabited by some of the Pre-Columbian Cultures in the currently country of Colombia:

 

Culture

Region

Chronology

Calima

Calima Region, Colombia                                                     

7.720 B.C. - 1500 A.D.

Guane

Santander and North Boyaca, Colombia                                                                   

920 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

Muisca

Eastern Range, Colombia

10.450 B.C. - 1500 A.D.

Narino

Narino High Plains, Colombia

800 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

Quimbaya

Mid Cauca, Colombia

980 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

San Agustín

Upper Magdalena, Colombia

555 B.C. - 1500 A.D.

Tairona

Sierra Nevada Santa Marta, Colombia

430 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

Tierradentro

Upper Magdalena, Colombia

870 B.C. - 850 A.D.

Tolima

Magdalena Valley, Colombia

460 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

Tumaco

Pacific Coast, Colombia

400 B.C. - 1075 A.D.

Zenu

Caribean Plains, Colombia

860 B.C. - 1500 A.D.

 

The following map depicts the location of these regions in the current country of Colombia. 

 

Pre-Columbian Cultures Regions

 

Source: Fondo de Promoción de La Cultura (1992). Arte de La Tierra – Colombia,. Forma y Figura. Santafe de Bogota, Colombia.  I.S.B.N. 958-9003-68-0